May 02 2012

New Conceptions on the Link Between Rural and Urban Development

There is a strong paradigm shift in the literature recently, on how rural development and urban development affect one another. The conventional wisdom of the last three decades suggests that urban and rural developments are separate and compete with each other for resources. However, a closer looks reveals that this is far from the truth.

Rural development fosters urban development according to a concept called the Engel’s Law, which states that when the income per capita of a country increases, the demand shifts toward manufactured goods and services, and away from agricultural goods. Since manufactured goods are generally concentrated in cities, economic growth (both in rural and urban areas) tends to foster urbanization.

On the other side of the spectrum, urban development promotes rural development mainly in two ways:

  1. Urban economic growth reduces rural poverty by growing demand in high value agricultural products, raising farmers’ incomes (which would again stimulate the urban economy);
  2. Also, since urban labor force is fed from rural migrants, many urban dwellers maintain some claims on rural assets. In the same way, rural households can engage in non-farm activities, and they can gain a considerable income through sources such as wages, non-agricultural production and very importantly, urban remittances.

The concepts that I’ve tried to explain very briefly here convey that rural development and urban development are no longer mutually exclusive, which is a significant conclusion that policy-makers should bear in mind. The spatial (the flow of people, goods, money, information) and sectoral (traditionally “rural” activities such as agriculture taking place in urban and peri-urban areas and traditional “urban” activities such as manufacturing and services taking place in rural areas) interactions between these two areas foster development in both. Recognizing this link and building the necessary infrastructure along with well thought-out policies is what is needed to facilitate this much-needed growth in the emerging economies of our contemporary era.

What can be done, in the context presented above, to understand this link and use it towards achieving social equity in urban and rural settings, especially of the rapidly growing least developed countries?

Credits: Image and data linked to sources.

Erman Eruz

Erman Eruz is an undergraduate at Princeton University where he is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Architecture and Civil Engineering, along with a certificate in Urban Studies. Having grown up in Istanbul, Turkey, he is interested in a wide variety of topics related to the built environment and how people interact with it. Erman is fascinated by the interdisciplinary relation between architecture, engineering and urban planning, and his interests include squatter settlements, architecture of the 20th Century, sustainable planning, bonds between architecture and other forms of art, and global and local aspects of cultural identities.

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This entry was posted on Wednesday, May 2nd, 2012 at 6:52 am and is filed under Community/Economic Development, Government/Politics, Housing, Infrastructure, Land Use, Social/Demographics, Urban Development/Real Estate, Urban Planning and Design. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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One Response to “New Conceptions on the Link Between Rural and Urban Development”

  1. MALIMI NTEGWA Says:

    congratulation my friend because we use your concepts as references in our studies.its me MALIMI NTEGWA of open university of Tanzania B.A ECONOMICS

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