April 08 2014

Protestors in Athens Take to the Streets as Landfill Development Continues

With what criteria should we evaluate which places make perfect wastelands? Should we continue burdening an already polluted area or should we create new sites of pollution? There is not a more igniting local issue than the waste management of Athens and Attica, particularly these days anticipating the Greek Municipal Elections of May 2014.

With few infrastructure projects in progress, big construction corporations are yearning to be a part of Attica’s waste management endeavors. Currently being in an initiation phase, with most waste treatment facilities not even a decade old, waste management has estimated profits, but be aware of the conflicts that lie ahead.

The Greek governments stumble on the spatial selection of the terrain that will host any garbage related activity.

The sides of the street at Egaleo Ring road near the landfills, Ano-Liossia, West Attica, Athens Greece.

Thriasio is a western Attica plain separated from Athens basin by a short mountain range. In the 1960s, Ano-Liossia garbage dump was constructed near Thriasio. For more than thirty years the urban wastes of Athens were disposed of there. Thriasio was changing from an agricultural to an industrial zone since many industries were already operating there. The Ano-Liossia dump brought further deterioration to the area and attracted other disturbing urban activities (bus garages, fuel storage, etc). With just a ten km radius from the centre of Athens, it was inevitable that at some point the city would reach the dump. In 1998, the Ano-Liossia dump closed and the restoration landscape designs commenced. However the citizens of nearby municipalities call the west winds the garbage breeze. The statistics of health problems in the area are heartbreaking.

Birds eye view of Fyli landfill (in front), Ano-Liossia dump (behind) and the garbage recycling facilities (between them). Athens, Greece, is spreading in the background.

To meet the garbage disposal needs of the growing city of Athens, in 2008 next to the half-closed and half-restored Ano-Liossia dump, a new landfill was created, Fyli Sanitary Landfill. Additionally, two other landfills were scheduled to be constructed at Keratea and Grammatiko municipalities respectively.

Ano-Liossia half restored dump as viewed from Egaleo Ring road, West Attica, Athens, Greece.

Fyli Sanitary Landfill was considered a positive addition to the heavily polluted area of Thriasio. But what followed shows the outrageous ineffectiveness of a corrupted administration. Garbage from other Greek towns and islands gathered at Fyli landfill, and if this wasn’t enough, various hazardous and toxic materials, plus hospital wastes and chemicals, were dumped there too. As a result, in a recent EU environmental assessment Fyli landfill was described as “a monument of environmental chaos, disease, and human suffering.

In the dawn of these events, the wild protest against the construction of Keratea landfill (a.k.a. the Keratea Incidents) sounds more than reasonable. Especially since the territory at stake is considered a place of great natural beauty and archaeological value, and the locals are organized and ready to fight for a common cause. Additionally, Keratea will host a garbage processing facility. Grammatiko landfill also triggered local protest, but the construction eventually began only to pause later due to defects and design miscalculations.

•Keratea Incidents; blockades during the protest against the landfill construction at Keratea, East Attica, Athens, Greece.

Who could imagine, that in 500 B.C. Athenians established the first municipal garbage dump, a mile away from the city walls.

Should garbage related activities be considered as a harbinger of environmental degradation? If yes, to what extent?

Credits: Photos by Valia Stavrianidi or linked to sources. Data linked to sources.

Chris Christou

Chris has a Master's degree in Water Resources Science and Technology from the National Technical University of Athens. He started studying Mining Engineering and Metallurgy, but later on he concentrated his bachelor studies on Environmental Engineering, Waste and Water Management. During his late academic years he participated in environmental technology research projects. He is from Athens, Greece. His family, which consists mostly of civil engineers and architects, descends from the well-known stonemasons of the island of Santorini. Today he divides his time between Varkiza, a south-coast suburb of Athens, and Pagrati, downtown Athens, which he considers his home. Growing up in this central neighborhood he was able to witness the various changes in the city throughout the years. Observing his urban surroundings and influenced by his family, from an early age he became concerned about the urban environment. An inquisitive and creative person, he enjoys walking around the centre of Athens on quests for new or hidden details. Blogging for The Global Grid will be an opportunity to discover, highlight, and study the present state of environmental design in Athens, including potential outlets to improve the Athenian urban life.

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This entry was posted on Tuesday, April 8th, 2014 at 9:27 am and is filed under Community/Economic Development, Environment, Environmental Design, Environmental Non-Profit, Government/Politics, History/Preservation, Infrastructure, Land Use, Urban Planning and Design. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.


2 Responses to “Protestors in Athens Take to the Streets as Landfill Development Continues”

  1. Peter Hurrell Says:

    A Very interesting article on the Ano Loisio and Fyl Land Fill issues.

    We would like to help out here.

    We think that a low cost process to convert the residual waste to a Renewable Fuel and a Gasoline/Diesel Fuel substitute would be of much benefit to Athens.

    How to help?

  2. Peter Hurrell Says:

    Gentlemen and Ladies and Chris Christou:

    Contrary to the issues being expounded as a dead end issue, we can offer both an economical solution as well as an equable environmental solution to the current waste disposal and residual waste treatment plant for Athens and Attica.

    A few years ago we visited the then site and cast our thoughts on this – it was a few years after Mrs Dora Bakoyannis had reired as the then Mayor of Atens – and we were asked by our colleagues to place before them for onward transmission to the Greater Athens and Attica Area a proposal – as an open draft for a solution. This proposition still exists.

    The proposal was to fully manage the Waste as it arose – working with the existing highly-competent organisations there and add to the recycling issues by turning the residual waste in to renewable transport fuels for Athens and Greece. The quantity of Renewable Fuel we had calculated based upon the figures made available to us suggested that this was more than feasible at the locations we had proposed.

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