April 24 2013

The Village of Pinehurst, North Carolina: Preserved or At Risk?

Why is the Village of Pinehurst Important? Pinehurst was and is:

  • A convalescent resort built for New Englanders in Moore County by American Soda Fountain Company magnate James W. Tufts;
  • A New-England-style village and recreational resort, planned and landscaped by landscape architecture pioneers Fredrick Law Olmsted and Warren H. Manning, that would court those in want of a salubrious lifestyle in a restorative climate, rather than the already infirm;
  • Later, a renowned golf resort with courses designed by the brilliant Donald James Ross;

Designated as a National Historic Landmark because …as a remarkably intact recreational resort [Pinehurst] reflects the genius of the Tufts family of Boston, the designers [Olmstead and Manning], and Donald James Ross who designed and refined the resort’s golf courses.Pinehurst would become the model for subsequent recreational resorts, offering a retreat from the hustle, bustle, and grim of booming, industrializing cities. Its curvilinear grid is an Olmsted hallmark.

The Carolina, Pinehurst's Flagship Resort
The Carolina, Pinehurst’s Flagship Resort

As Pinehurst’s population burgeoned, due in part to the expansion of nearby Fort Bragg and Pope Air Field, its municipal government approved controversial plans, risking Pinehurst’s NHL designation:

  • The 2008 construction of a roundabout at the intersection of Carolina Vista and Cherokee Rd. (Midland Rd.) disrupted the curvilinear grid designed by Olmsted;
  • While initially intended to be an open green space, the Village Green became an untamed, wooded area because Manning found the soil to be sandy and generally poor. Pinehurst recently razed the Village Green. Of note, Olmsted preferred untamed green spaces to manicured lawns; his favorite Central Park feature was The Ramble;

The Roundabout, as Seen from The Carolina

The Roundabout, as Seen from The Carolina

Two U.S. opens (tournaments in golf) will be held in Pinehurst in 2014, and its population has not yet reached a plateau. How should Pinehurst, and places like it, balance preservation and growth? Is Pinehurst preserved or at risk? How should planners and preservationists define these terms? Comment here or on Twitter!

Credits: Photographs by Sunny Menozzi. Data cited through links.

Sunny Menozzi

Sunny Menozzi's military duties have taken her to diverse and exciting places, from Singapore to Arizona, South Korea to Afghanistan, and North Carolina to Hawaii. Sunny's travels inspired her interest in cities, especially how they function, the impact of the built environment on the residents, the methods planners employ to shape natural features, and the vibrancy that can be cultivated by good planning and design. She will begin her pursuit of a master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the fall of 2013. Sunny plans to focus on reuse and historic preservation, community-building, and economic and environmental sustainability. She hopes to contribute to projects that repurpose military bases. An avid runner, Sunny is interested in the design of recreational trails and policies that encourage the development of walkable communities. She holds a B.S. in International Relations and Russian from the United States Military Academy at West Point.

This entry was posted on Wednesday, April 24th, 2013 at 9:56 am and is filed under Community/Economic Development, History/Preservation, Landscape Architecture, Urban Planning and Design. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.


4 Responses to “The Village of Pinehurst, North Carolina: Preserved or At Risk?”

  1. paul dunn Says:

    You are absolutely correct in re the proposed Carriage House Garage…recent estimates by a local expert on such matters has determined that the actual cost per public parking space achieved will actually be $ 133,899!

    Keep up the good work. paul dunn

  2. Rocco Garofano Says:

    Hi Sunny Menozzi, my name is Rocco Garofano and I am writing to you about a plate I found about 20 years a go in my father’s house after he passed away. this plate I think came off of the arctic, soda water apparatus design by James w tufts in 1863. I see in this flyer I have he built up Pinehurst, North Carolina and the library has all his documents.

  3. Sunny Menozzi Says:

    Hi Mr. Garofano. Thank you for writing. That is quite the antique. Mr. Tufts invested the soda fountain fortune he amassed into a benevolent endeavor, I think. If you haven’t been to Pinehurst, I would recommend a visit.

  4. polarbudownictwo.pl Says:

    An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who was doing a little research on this.

    And he actually bought me dinner simply because I stumbled upon it for him…

    lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending time to discuss this subject here on your web

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