December 07 2011

Landfill Gas to Energy Production in the United Kingdom

Solid waste disposal sites are not often seen as opportunities for energy solutions. Landfill gas (LFG), a mixture of methane, carbon dioxide and trace constituents, is typically viewed as a liability because of explosions, odours, and increasingly, climate change concerns. However, LFG can be turned into an asset. Process of land-filling, LFG collection, electricity generation and Grid transmission is shown in following figure.

Use of LFG for power generation began in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1985 and government support for electricity from renewable sources has made this its dominant application. By the end of 1993 there were 49 power generation projects with a combined capacity of 80 MWe, generating 447 GWh of electricity in the year. In addition, the 12 direct use schemes using LFG as a fuel for kilns and boilers produced a further 9,200 GJ as heat.

LFG is currently the most important source of renewable energy in UK, providing nearly one-thirds of all renewable. UK LFG output doubled from 731.2 Mtoe in 2000 to 1464.7 Mtoe in 2006. Between 2006 and 2008, 7output increased by a more modest average rate of 3.7% per year.

However, the importance of LFG as a renewable energy source would decline in the future, as anaerobic digestion (AD) and incineration of waste will replace land-filling gradually.

Do you think AD and incineration of waste is better option than land-filling of waste considering toxic end products like digestate and incineration ash?

Credits: Image and data linked to sources.

Ubaid Khan

Ubaid Khan has over six years of operational, development, technical and environmental experience in the Waste Management and the Environmental Industry sectors in the Middle East and United Kingdom. During his career he liaised with various municipalities and undertaken a variety of environmental projects including planning waste management schemes for urban regions, design and construction of engineered landfills, landfill gas recovery systems, and material recovery facilities. Ubaid has completed his MSc in Energy and Environmental Management from University of Abertay Dundee, with distinction.In response of his academic achievements during the course university had awarded “University of Abertay Dundee Excellence Scholarship award for year 2010-11.”

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This entry was posted on Wednesday, December 7th, 2011 at 7:56 am and is filed under Energy, Engineering, Environment, Environmental Design, Environmental Non-Profit, Government/Politics, Land Use. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.


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