August 09 2012

Favela-City Exchange: What Can We Learn from the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro?

Models of some of the Proposed Solutions

I was fortunate enough to see a very insightful exhibition called Favela-City Exchange on the future of the favelas (squatter settlements) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, prepared by the architecture and urban planning group, Urban Think Tank (UTT), based in ETH Zurich. A little background on UTT: UTT, led by the architects Alfredo Brillembourg and Hubert Klumpner, works extensively on the living and housing conditions of the urban poor, mainly in Latin America; countries such as Venezuela, Brazil and Colombia. The exhibition was the product of a Master/Bachelor studio taught by Brillembourg and Klumpner at ETH, and it consists of two major projects:

  • Research and evaluation of the architectural solutions present in the favelas, and how they can be utilized through formal architectural design to improve the quality of life in the favela;
  • An urban transformation project that deals with the neighborhood in which the famous Maracana Stadium is located, an important landmark that will have a key role in the upcoming World Cup in 2014 and Summer Olympics in 2016.

I want to focus on the first part of the exhibition as it points to some contemporary problems related to the situation of the poor in the cities. The subject of that part was the favela Cidade de Deus (City of God) which became famous throughout world thanks to the 2002 film of the same name. After having made field research in the favela, the studio has come up with 26 solutions that not only deal with architecture, but some which also directly aim to augment the quality of life by providing additional economic income for the community. This is something I particularly admired because one of the strongest dichotomies related to the improvement of the squatter settlements all over the world, as well as Istanbul, is that when you bring services and upgrade the physical environment, the living expenses in that settlement increase inevitably, and since the income of the residents mostly stay intact, it becomes harder for them to afford living there – so they must move.

The Individual Solutions in the UTT Exhibition

The UTT exhibition displays understanding of this problem and proposes to use the informal economy to people’s advantage. An interesting example from their solutions is the local production and sale of kites, which is a characteristic part of everyday life in the favelas of Rio, one that has a potential to become a tourist attraction. The exhibition in Rio has ended in mid-July unfortunately, but the practical and theoretical work of UTT can be found on their website: www.u-tt.com

Do you agree that the cities can benefit from the solutions evident in the squatter settlements, and how connected are a city’s informal and formal parts?

Credits: Data linked to sources, both images by author.

Erman Eruz

Erman Eruz is an undergraduate at Princeton University where he is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Architecture and Civil Engineering, along with a certificate in Urban Studies. Having grown up in Istanbul, Turkey, he is interested in a wide variety of topics related to the built environment and how people interact with it. Erman is fascinated by the interdisciplinary relation between architecture, engineering and urban planning, and his interests include squatter settlements, architecture of the 20th Century, sustainable planning, bonds between architecture and other forms of art, and global and local aspects of cultural identities.

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This entry was posted on Thursday, August 9th, 2012 at 9:41 am and is filed under Architecture, Environment, Environmental Design, Housing, Infrastructure, Land Use, Social/Demographics, Urban Development/Real Estate, Urban Planning and Design. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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2 Responses to “Favela-City Exchange: What Can We Learn from the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro?”

  1. gianmaria socci Says:

    dear Erman,
    I was part of the Team working at the “favela exchange” exhibition.
    I would like to warn you that the two project you are referring to were actually developed by two different teams. The one you call “the first part” has been produced by the Master of Advanced Studies in Urban Design (MAS ETH UD), also part of ETH, but a completely different studio from U-TT (which is in any case a great practice, and produced the urban proposal for the Maracana).
    Please check the credits!

  2. Erman Says:

    Hey Gianmaria,

    Thank you for your clearing that up. I apologize for the mistake.

    Best,
    Erman

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