May 21 2012

First Offshore Wind Turbine? Case Studies in Spain

The future of wind turbines seem to be the offshore wind turbines. Offshore wind turbines take better advantage of wind resources, there is greater space in the sea than on earth, and thus, bigger wind turbines can be installed.

In this sense, expert engineers and investigators are working on several projects:

  • First prototype in the Canary Islands, Spain

A Spanish wind turbine manufacturer, Gamesa, has recently announced that in the second quarter of 2013, they will install the first prototype of offshore wind turbine in Spain.

CEHIPAR Project in the Cantabrian Sea, Spain

This project is being carried out in the Pardo Hydrodynamics Experimental Channel (CEHIPAR) in Madrid (Spain).

Another offshore wind turbine in Spain is expected to be operating in the second half of 2013. It will have a floating foundation: it consists of a platform 3 columns or legs that will be half-submerged, as shown on the above photo. The legs are about 20 meters in height, and have a diameter of about 4 metres at the base and 3 meters at the top. It will be located at the Cantabrian Sea, between 1.6 and 2.7 kilometres from the coast and will produce a power of 1,5MW. It will be sited 100 metres above the seabed, Spain.

It is an international research run by the Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC) in Spain.

The aim is to test offshore wind turbines in deep waters. They will be located along the coastline of Catalonia.

The research will be executed in two phases:

  1. The first phase will consist of the installation of 4 wind turbines anchored to the seabed at a distance of 3.5 kilometres from the coast and water depth of 40m, which will produce a total power output of 20 MW;
  2. The second phase will involve eight floating wind turbines installed around 30 kilometres from the coast and water depth of 100m, and will provide 50MW.

Spain will start investing in the offshore wind turbines, depending on the results and profitability of the aforementioned projects. Are there offshore wind turbines in your country?

Credits: Image and data linked to sources.

Miriam Ansorena

Miriam Ansorena holds a Master’s Degree in Industrial Engineering from the University of Navarre, in Spain. Strongly concerned about the environment, in the past, she worked full-time as a Design Engineer of Wind Turbines. Her blogs will concentrate primarily on the affects of wind turbines and their prevelance, however, she will also cover issues occurring around Zarautz, Spain and Berlin, Germany. Although she currently resides in Berlin, she is from Zarautz, Spain and has lived in Copenhagen, Denmark, and Glasgow, United Kingdom.

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This entry was posted on Monday, May 21st, 2012 at 8:38 am and is filed under Energy, Engineering. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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