February 07 2013

“Cities of Tomorrow:” Bologna, Italy as the City of Cities

The term “city” is a broad one at best to describe our heavily populated urban centers. What defines a city? Who puts the boundaries in place – often political and arbitrary – and our main issue: what is the essence of our cities?

Bologna Seven Cities Plan

Patrizia Gabellini, Deputy Mayor for Urban Planning of Bologna, introduced in 2007 the Piano Strutturale Comunale (PSC, or Structural Municipal Plan). Although context-relevant to its origins, it serves as a practical model to inspire new ways of thinking about city form. The Structural Plan identifies seven “cities” that compose the urban area of Bologna: the Railway, Bypass Road, Hills, Reno River, Savena River, Western Via Emilia, and Eastern Via Emilia. These areas are determined based on multiple attributes including urban patterns, materials, and development projects. “Each is inextricably linked with the other, but each distinguishable through their history, characteristics and future strategies.”

This model provides us with a strong urban and strategic plan that identifies areas based upon meaningful human and tangible factors, such as architecture and geography, rather than political boundaries.

View of Bologna

The idea of relating the city to human perception reminds us of Kevin Lynch’s Image of the City, in which he describes the different ways in which people interpret their ambient urban environment: paths, edges, districts, nodes, and landmarks. Although the concepts themselves are not explicitly stated in the PSC, by looking deeper we can find Lynch’s ideas embedded here. In both Lynch’s book and Bologna’s plan, cities are a hybrid physical-emotional relationship between individual city users, diverse spatial areas, memorable city elements, and urban design.

Because cities are complex organisms, their urban plans are not permanent and their vision does not always coincide with the needs of the community at hand. What the “city of cities” plan does offer the international community is a unique and alternative approach to spatial form.

Is it possible to organize your hometown as a “city of cities?”

Credits: Images and data linked to sources.

Maxwell Vidaver

Maxwell Vidaver is a graduate student in Urban Planning, Policy, and Design at Politecnico di Milano in Milan, Italy, and also holds a B.A. in Geography from Binghamton University, where he focused on urban economic analysis. He is originally from Baltimore, Maryland, and developed an early passion for urban planning and environmental design as an avid cyclist, mechanic, and commuter. His planning interests include exploring alternative transportation options, maximizing energy efficiency in new urban projects, and improving access between city users and government. Max’s goals are to help promote smart design initiatives, and facilitate community-city collaboration in order to create more sustainable, as well as comfortable, urban environments.

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This entry was posted on Thursday, February 7th, 2013 at 9:27 am and is filed under Environmental Design, Urban Development/Real Estate, Urban Planning and Design. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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2 Responses to ““Cities of Tomorrow:” Bologna, Italy as the City of Cities”

  1. Eleonora Says:

    I would talk about my hometown, but you have already done so :-) I very much liked this article!

  2. Maxwell Vidaver Says:

    Thank you Eleonora! I find the Bologna case quite interesting as I haven’t seen it in too many other instances. I’d love to speak with you more about it!

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